Ashok Belegundu



  • Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

330 Leonhard Building


Personal or Departmental Website

Research Areas:

Mechanical Sciences

Interest Areas:

Design Optimization, Nonlinear and Dynamic Finite Element Analysis.




  • B. Tech, Civil Engineering, I.I.T. Madras, 1977
  • Ph D, Civil Engineering, University of Iowa, 1982



  • T. R. Chandrupatla and Ashok D Belegundu, 2011, Introduction to finite elements in engineering, 4th Ed, Prentice Hall
  • Ashok D Belegundu and T. R. Chandrupatla, 2011, Optimization concepts and applications in engineering, 2nd Ed, Cambridge University Press
  • Ashok D Belegundu and T. R. Chandrupatla, 2011, Solutions manual for: Optimization concepts and applications in engineering, Cambridge University Press, pp. 150

Book Review

Book, Chapter

  • Ashok D Belegundu and M. D. Grissom, 2007, Optimization in acoustics, World Scientific Publishing/Imperial College Press

Conference Proceeding

  • Ashok D Belegundu, Sumanta K Nayak, Jacob Loverich and Michael D Grissom, 2016, "Vibration-Based Damage Accumulation Monitoring", ASME IDETC 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences, ASME, (IDETC2016-59106)
  • Ashok D Belegu anddu, , 2015, "Damage accumulation: A new generalized machine health and condition indicator for continuous monitoring", Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management Society 2015 (PHM), 6 (076), pp. 11
  • Ashok D Belegundu, 2009, "Optimum locations of pin supports to minimize deflection of a thin plate acted upon by its own weight", Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (IDETC/CIE 2009)
  • Ashok D Belegundu and S. D. Rajan, 2008, "Shape optimization of metal plates subject to blast pressure loading", EngOpt 2008, International Conference on Engineering Optimization
  • K. Krishnan, S. D. Rajan and Ashok D Belegundu, 2008, "A general optimization methodology for ballistic panel design", EngOpt 2008, International Conference on Engineering Optimization
  • Ashok D Belegundu, V. Argod, S. D. Rajan and K. Krishnan, 2008, "Shape optimization of panels subject to blast loading modeled with LS-DYNA", 49th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, AIAA-2008-2285
  • Ashok D Belegundu, S. D. Rajan, S. Wuppalapati, P. Nandakwang and R. Gianforcaro, 2006, "Structural topology optimization based on virtual testing with general constraints", 47th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, Paper AIAA 2006-1983, pp. 1-10
  • J. St. Ville, S. D. Rajan and Ashok D Belegundu, 2005, "Coarse and fine-grain parallelism for inverse design optimization", Proc. FEMCI 2005, NASA GSFC
  • D. Lee, G. H. Koopmann and Ashok D Belegundu, 2005, "Optimal design of acoustic enclosure for minimal broadband sound radiation", Proceedings of IMECE: ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2005-82943
  • Ashok D Belegundu and S. D. Rajan, 2004, "FEA and design optimization in a distributed computing environment", Proceedings, International Conference on Advances in Structural Integrity, ICASI-2004
  • P. C. Jain and Ashok D Belegundu, 2004, "Broadband vibration response reduction using FEA and optimization techniques", Proceedings, 2004 International ANSYS Conference
  • S. D. Rajan and Ashok D Belegundu, 2004, "Finite element analysis & design optimization in a distributed computing environment", Proceedings, 10th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference
  • S. L. Wilson, Ashok D Belegundu, G. M. Miknis, K. D. Stack, J. E. LaFleche and R. C. Benson, 1997, "Modeling helmet impacts using the ABAQUS-explicit code along with corroboration with drop tests", Conf. On the Design and Integration of Helmet Systems, U.S. Army Natwick Research
  • Ashok D Belegundu, G. H. Koopmann and T. P. Galante, 1997, "Shape optimization for mechanical amplification of PZT actuator couplers", ONR Transducer Materials Workshop
  • Ashok D Belegundu and P. L. N. Murthy, 1996, "A new genetic algorithm for multiobjective optimization", 6th AIAA/NASA/USAF Multidisciplinary Analysis & Optimization Symposium, pp. 1727-1736
  • Ashok D Belegundu, 1992, "The natural approach for shape optimal design with mesh distortion control", MSC 1992 World Users' Conference

Journal Article

  • Ashok D Belegundu, 2015, "A general optimality criteria algorithm for a class of engineering optimization problems", Engineering Optimization, 47, (5), pp. 674-688
  • S. K. Nayak, A. K. Singh, Ashok D Belegundu and C. F. Yen, 2013, "Process for design optimization of honeycomb core sandwich panels for blast load mitigation", Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 47, (5), pp. 749-763
  • Ashok D Belegundu, 2013, "Review of Bridge Aeroelasticity: Sensitivity Analysis and Optimal Design by J. A. Jurado, S. Hernandez, F. Nieto, and A. Mosquera", J. Bridge Eng., 18, (4), pp. 347-347
  • V. Argod, S. K. Nayak, A. K. Singh and Ashok D Belegundu, 2010, "Shape optimization of solid isotropic plates to mitigate the effects of air blast loading", Mechanics Based Design of Structures and Machines, An International Journal, 38, pp. 362-371
  • V. Argod, Ashok D Belegundu, A. Aziz, V. Agrawala, R. Jain and D. Rajan, 2008, "MPI-enabled shape optimization of panels subjected to air blast loading", International Journal for Simulation and Multidisciplinary Design Optimization, 2, pp. 273-282
  • S. D. Rajan, Ashok D Belegundu, A. S. Damle, D. Lau and J. St. Ville, 2006, "General implementation of multilevel parallelization in a gradient-based design optimization algorithm", AIAA Journal, 44, (9), pp. 1993-2001
  • M. D. Grissom, Ashok D Belegundu, Arvind Rangaswamy and Gary H Koopmann, 2006, "Conjoint-analysis-based multiattribute optimization: Application in acoustical design", Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 31, (1), pp. 8-16
  • M. Grissom, Ashok D Belegundu and G. H. Koopmann, 2005, "A reduced eigenvalue method for broadband analysis of a structure with vibration absorbers possessing rotatory inertia", Journal of Sound and Vibration, 281, pp. 869-886
  • Ashok D Belegundu and A. Damle, 2004, "Parallel line search in method of feasible directions", Optimization and Engineering, 5, (3), pp. 379-388
  • G. H. Koopmann and Ashok D Belegundu, 2001, "Tuning a wine glass via material tailoring—An application of a method for optimal acoustic design", Journal of Sound and Vibration, 239, (4), pp. 665-678
  • E. W. Constans, Ashok D Belegundu and G. H. Koopmann, 1998, "Design approach for minimizing sound power from vibrating shell structures", AIAA Journal, 36, (2), pp. 134-139
  • R. R. Salagame and Ashok D Belegundu, 1997, "A simple p-adaptive refinement procedure for structural shape optimization", Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 24, (3), pp. 133-155
  • Ashok D Belegundu and R. R. Salagame, 1995, "Shape optimization with p-adaptivity", AIAA Journal, 33, (12), pp. 2399-2405
  • Ashok D Belegundu and R. Salagame, 1995, "Optimization of laminated ceramic composites for minimum residual stress and cost", Microcomputers in Civil Engineering, 10, (4), pp. 301-306
  • Ashok D Belegundu, L. Berke and S. N. Patnaik, 1995, "An optimization algorithm based on the method of feasible directions", Structural Optimization, 9, (2), pp. 83-88
  • R. Salagame, Ashok D Belegundu and G. H. Koopmann, 1995, "Analytical sensitivity of acoustic power radiated from plates", Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, 117, (1), pp. 43-48
  • R. Salagame and Ashok D Belegundu, 1994, "Distortion, degeneracy and rezoning in finite elements — A survey", Sadhana, 19, (2), pp. 311-335
  • Ashok D Belegundu and R. R. Salagame, 1994, "A general optimization strategy for sound power minimization", Structural Optimization, 8, (2-3), pp. 113-119
  • S. Zhang and Ashok D Belegundu, 1993, "Mesh distortion control in shape optimization", AIAA Journal, 31, (7), pp. 1360-1362
  • K. Nagashineh, G. H. Koopmann and Ashok D Belegundu, 1992, "Material tailoring of structures to achieve a minimum radiation condition", Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 92, (2), pp. 841-855
  • Ashok D Belegundu and S. Zhang, 1992, "Robustness of design through minimum sensitivity", Journal of Mechanical Design, 114, (2), pp. 213-217
  • Ashok D Belegundu and Subramaniam D Rajan, , "A Shape Optimization Approach Based on Natural Design Variables and Shape Functions", 66, pp. 88-106


  • Ashok D Belegundu and S. D. Rajan, 2007, "Optimization methodology to design structural systems for blast mitigation"

Research Projects

  • July 2006 - June 2009, "A Methodology to Design Multiphase, Graded Composites to Safeguard Against Erosion," (Sponsor: U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command).

Honors and Awards


Service to Penn State:

  • Advisor, College of Engineering Advising, August 2016 - May 2017
  • Faculty, PhD Candidacy Exam, Engineering Analysis, 2016
  • Faculty, PhD Candidacy Exam, Solid Mechanics, February 2015

Service to External Organizations:

  • Participant, October 2013 - October 2013



The Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering at Penn State is one of the nation’s largest and most successful engineering departments. We serve more than 1,000 undergraduate students and more than 330 graduate students

We offer B.S. degrees in mechanical engineering and nuclear engineering as well as resident (M.S., Ph.D.) and online (M.S., M.Eng.) graduate degrees in nuclear engineering and mechanical engineering. MNE's strength is in offering hands-on experience in highly relevant research areas, such as energy, homeland security, biomedical devices, and transportation systems.

Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering

137 Reber Building

The Pennsylvania State University

University Park, PA 16802-4400

Phone: 814-865-2519