Photo of Gary Settles

Gary Settles

Distinguished Professor Emeritus

Affiliation(s):

  • Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

301D Reber Building

gss2@psu.edu

814-863-1504

Research Areas:

Interest Areas:

Fluid dynamics, flow visualization, optical instruments, environmental flows, explosions, homeland security, materials processing.

 
 

 

Education

Publications

Books

Book, Chapters

  • Gary S Settles, D. A. Kester and L. J. Dodson-Dreibelbis, 2002, The external aerodynamics of sniffing, Springer, Vienna & NY

Parts of Book

Journal Articles

  • M. J. Hargather, Gary S Settles and S. Gogineni, 2013, "Optical diagnostics for characterizing a transitional shear layer over a supersonic cavity", AIAA Journal, 51, (12), pp. 2977-2982
  • R. M. Young, M. J. Hargather and Gary S Settles, 2013, "Shear stress and particle removal measurements of a round turbulent air jet impinging normally upon a planar wall", J. Aerosol Science, 62, pp. 15-25
  • Matthew R. Fulghum, Michael J. Hargather and Gary S Settles, 2013, "An integrated impactor/detector for a high-throughput explosive trace detection portal", IEEE Sensors Journal, 13, (4), pp. 1252-1258
  • M. J. Lawson, B. A. Craven, E. G. Paterson and Gary S Settles, 2012, "A computational study of odorant transport and deposition in the canine nasal cavity: Implications for olfaction", Chemical Senses, 37, (6), pp. 553-566
  • F. R. Svingala, M. J. Hargather and Gary S Settles, 2012, "Modern optical methods for determining the shock Hugoniot of transparent solids", International Journal of Impact Engineering, 50, (12), pp. 76-82
  • M. Grujicic, T. He, B. Pandurangan, F. R. Svingala, Gary S Settles and M. J. Hargather, 2012, "Experimental characterization and material-model development for microphase-segregated polyurea: An overview", Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 21, (1), pp. 2-16
  • M. J. Hargather and Gary S Settles, 2012, "A comparison of three modern quantitative schlieren techniques", Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 50, (1), pp. 8-17
  • M. J. Hargather, M. E. Staymates, M. J. Madalis, D. J. Smith and Gary S Settles, 2011, "The internal aerodynamics of cargo containers for trace chemical sampling and detection", IEEE Sensors Journal, 11, (5), pp. 1184-1193
  • M. J. Hargather, M. J. Lawson, Gary S Settles and L. M. Weinstein, 2011, "Seedless velocimetry measurements by schlieren image velocimetry", AIAA Journal, 49, (3), pp. 611-620
  • M. J. Hargather and Gary S Settles, 2011, "Background-oriented schlieren visualization of heating and ventilation flows: HVAC-BOS", Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning & Refrigeration Research, 17, (5), pp. 771-780
  • J. W. Tang and Gary S Settles, 2011, "Schlieren imaging: A real-time, non-invasive method to visualize human exhaled airflows to assist aerosol infection control", Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses, 5, pp. 307-310
  • J. W. Tang, C. J. Noakes, P. V. Nielsen, I. Eames, A. Nicolle, Y. Li and Gary S Settles, 2011, "Observing and quantifying airflows in the infection control of aerosol- and airborne-transmitted diseases: An overview of approaches", Journal of Hospital Infection, 77, (3), pp. 213-222
  • M. J. Hargather, Gary S Settles and M. J. Madalis, 2010, "Schlieren imaging of loud sounds and shock waves in air near the limit of visibility", Shock Waves, 20, (1), pp. 9-17
  • M. J. Hargather, Gary S Settles and M. J. Madalis, 2010, "Schlieren imaging of loud sounds and weak shock waves in air near the limit of visibility", Shock Waves, 20, (1), pp. 9-17
  • M. J. Hargather and Gary S Settles, 2010, "Natural-background-oriented schlieren imaging", Experiments in Fluids, 48, (1), pp. 59-68
  • B. A. Crave, E. G. Paterson and Gary S Settles, 2010, "The Fluid Dynamics of Canine Olfaction: Unique Nasal Airflow Patterns As An Explanation of Macrosmia", Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 7, (47), pp. 933-943
  • S. Y. Del Valle, R. Tellier, Gary S Settles and J. W. Tang, 2010, "Can we reduce the spread of influenza in schools with face masks?", American Journal of Infection Control, 38, (9), pp. 676-677
  • M. M. Biss and Gary S Settles, 2010, "On the use of composite charges to determine insensitive explosive material properties at the laboratory scale", Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 35, (5), pp. 452-460
  • B. A. Craven, E. G. Paterson and Gary S Settles, 2009, "The fluid dynamics of canine olfaction: A new explanation for macrosmia", Journal of the Royal Society Interface
  • J. W. Tang and Gary S Settles, 2009, "Coughing and masks", New England Journal of Medicine, 361, (26), pp. e62
  • Gary S Settles, E. Krause and H. Fuetterer, 2009, "Theodor Meyer—Lost pioneer of gas dynamics", Progress in the Aerospace Sciences, 45, (6-8), pp. 203-210
  • B. A. Craven, E. G. Paterson and Gary S Settles, 2009, "Development and verification of a high-fidelity computational fluid dynamics model of canine nasal airflow", Journal of Biomedical Engineering, 131, (9)
  • J. W. Tang, T. J. Liebner, B. A. Craven and Gary S Settles, 2009, "A schlieren optical study of the human cough with and without wearing masks for aerosol infection control", Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 6, pp. S727-S736
  • M. J. Hargather and Gary S Settles, 2009, "Retroreflective shadowgraph technique for large-scale flow visualization", Applied Optics, 48, (22), pp. 4449-4457
  • M. J. Hargather and Gary S Settles, 2009, "Laboratory-scale techniques for the measurement of a material response to an explosive blast", International Journal of Impact Engineering, 36, (7), pp. 940-947
  • J. W. Tang and Gary S Settles, 2008, "Coughing and aerosols", New England Journal of Medicine, 359, (15)
  • M. M. Biss, Gary S Settles and S. R. Sanderson, 2008, "Differential schlieren-interferometry with a simple adjustable Wollaston-like prism", Applied Optics, 47, (3), pp. 328-335
  • H. Kleine and Gary S Settles, 2008, "The art of shock waves and their flowfields", Shock Waves, 17, (5), pp. 291-307
  • M. J. Hargather and Gary S Settles, 2007, "Optical measurement and scaling of blasts from gram-range explosive charges", Shock Waves, 17, (4), pp. 215-223
  • J. Porter, B. A. Craven, S.-J. Chang, I. Kang, B. Judceixa, R. M. Khan, J. A. Volpe, N. Sobel and Gary S Settles, 2007, "Mechanisms of scent-tracking", Nature Neuroscience, 10, (1), pp. 27-29
  • B. A. Craven, Gary S Settles, E. G. Paterson, T. Neuberger, A. G. Webb, E. M. Josephson and E. E. Morrison, 2007, "Reconstruction and morphometric analysis of the nasal airway of the dog (Canis familiaris) and implications regarding olfactory airflow", Anatomical Record, 290, (11), pp. 1325-1340
  • M. E. Staymates, Gary S Settles, K.-B. Shi and Z.-W. Liu, 2007, "Supercontinum laser illumination applied to traditional optical flow imaging methods", Optics Communications, 273, (1), pp. 252-255
  • B. A. Craven and Gary S Settles, 2006, "A computational and experimental investigation of the human thermal plume", Journal of Fluids Engineering, 128, (6), pp. 1251-1258
  • D. R. Jonassen, Gary S Settles and M. D. Tronosky, 2006, "Schlieren “PIV” for turbulent flows", Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 44, (3-4), pp. 190-207
  • Gary S Settles, 2006, "High-speed imaging of shock waves, explosions and gunshots", American Scientist, 94, (1), pp. 22-31
  • Gary S Settles, 2006, "Fluid mechanics and homeland security", Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 38, pp. 87-110
  • B. A. Craven and Gary S Settles, 2006, "PIV, CFD, and schlieren studies of the human thermal plume", Journal of Fluids Engineering
  • J. A. Volpe and Gary S Settles, 2006, "Laser-induced gas breakdown as a light source for schlieren and shadowgraph "PIV"", Optical Engineering, 45, (8), pp. 080509-1 to 080509-3
  • Gary S Settles, 2005, "Sniffers: Fluid-dynamic sampling for olfactory trace detection in nature and homeland security—The 2004 Freeman Scholar Lecture", Journal Of Fluids Engineering, 127, (2), pp. 189-218
  • B. S. Edge, E. G. Paterson and Gary S Settles, 2005, "Computational study of the wake and contaiminant transport of a walking human", Journal of Fluids Engineering, 127, (5), pp. 967-977
  • S. P. Mates and Gary S Settles, 2005, "Experiments on liquid metal atomization using close-coupled nozzles, Part 1: Gas dynamic behavior", Atomization and Sprays, 15, (1), pp. 19-40
  • Gary S Settles, 2005, "Experiments on liquid metal atomization using close-coupled nozzles, Part 2: Atomization behavior", Atomization and Sprays, 15, (1), pp. 41-59
  • Gary S Settles and L. J. Dodson, 2005, "Full-scale schlieren visualization of supersonic bullet and muzzle blast from firing a .30-06 rifle", Journal of Visualization, 8, (1), pp. p. 6

Conference Proceedings

  • Michael J. Hargather, Gary S Settles and Joseph A. Gatto, 2007, "Gram-range explosive blast scaling and associated materials response", 26th International Symposium on Shock Waves
  • Matthew M. Biss, Michael J. Hargather, Gary S Settles, Lori J. Dodson and James D. Miller, 2007, "High-speed digital shadowgraphy of shock waves from explosions and gunshots", 26th International Symposium on Shock Waves
  • Gary S Settles, 2006, "On the fluid dynamicist as an artist", Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium On Fow Visualization
  • Gary S Settles, G. Tremblay, J. M. Cimbala, L. J. Dodson and J. D. Miller, 2006, "Fluid mechanics films in the 21st century", Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium On Fow Visualization
  • M. J. Hargather, Gary S Settles and J. A. Gatto, 2006, "Optical measurement, characterization, and scaling of blasts from gram-range explosive charges", Proceedings of the 4th International Aviation Security Technology Symposium
  • M. J. Hargather, Gary S Settles, J. A. Gatto, T. P. Grumstrup and J. D. Miller, 2006, "Full-scale optical experiments on the explosive failure of a ULD-3 air cargo container", Proceedings of the 4th International Aviation Security Technology Symposium
  • M. E. Staymates, D. J. Smith and Gary S Settles, 2006, "The internal aerodynamics of cargo containers for trace explosives sampling", Proceedings of the 4th International Aviation Security Technology Symposium
  • C. M. Hackett and Gary S Settles, 1994, "Turbulent mixing of the HVOF thermal spray and coating oxidation", Proceedings of the National Thermal Spray Conference
  • Gary S Settles and S. M. Bogdonoff, 1973, "Separation of a supersonic turbulent boundary layer at moderate to high Reynolds numbers", 6th AIAA Fluid and Plasma Dynamics Conference, Palm Springs, CA

Manuscripts

  • M. J. Hargather, M. J. Lawson, Gary S Settles and L. M. Weinstein, , "Seedless flow velocity measurements by schlieren image velocimetry", AIAA Journal

Other

  • Gary S Settles, 2010, "Important developments in schlieren and shadowgraph visualization during the last decade"
  • M. J. Hargather and Gary S Settles, 2010, "Background oriented schlieren visualization of heating and ventilation flows: HVAC-BOS"
  • M. J. Hargather and Gary S Settles, 2010, "Recent developments in schlieren and shadowgraphy"
  • M. J. Hargather, M. J. Lawson, Gary S Settles, L. M. Weinstein and S. Gogenini, 2009, "Focusing-schlieren PIV measurements of a supersonic turbulent boundary layer"
  • Gary S Settles, M. J. Hargather, M. J. Lawson, R. P. Bigger and M. J. Madalis, 2008, "Schlieren imaging of shock waves in air at the extreme weak limit"
  • M. J. Hargather, Gary S Settles, L. J. Dodson-Dreibelbis and T. J. Liebner, 2008, "Natural-background-oriented schlieren imaging"
  • H. Kleine and Gary S Settles, 2008, "Artistic elements in visualizations of compressible flows"
  • Gary S Settles, T. P. Grumstrup, J. D. Miller and J. A. Gatto, 2005, "Full-scale high-speed Edgerton shadowgraphy of explosions and gunshots"

Research Projects

  • May 2012 - September 2013, "Optical Evaluation AEDC White Oak Tunnel 9," (Sponsor: Aerospace Testing Alliance).
  • September 2009 - August 2013, "Elastomeric Polymer-by-Design to Protect the Warfighter against Traumatic Brain Injury," (Sponsor: Office of Naval Research).
  • September 2009 - August 2013, "Elastomeric Polymer-by-Design to Protect the Warfighter against Traumatic Brain Injury," (Sponsor: Office of Naval Research).
  • September 2009 - August 2013, "Elastomeric Polymer-by-Design to Protect the Warfighter against Traumatic Brain Injury," (Sponsor: Office of Naval Research).
  • September 2009 - August 2013, "Elastomeric Polymer-by-Design to Protect the Warfighter against Traumatic Brain Injury," (Sponsor: Office of Naval Research).
  • September 2009 - August 2013, "Elastomeric Polymer-by-Design to Protect the Warfighter against Traumatic Brain Injury," (Sponsor: Office of Naval Research).
  • September 2009 - August 2013, "Elastomeric Polymer-by-Design to Protect the Warfighter against Traumatic Brain Injury," (Sponsor: Office of Naval Research).
  • September 2009 - August 2013, "Elastomeric Polymer-by-Design to Protect the Warfighter against Traumatic Brain Injury," (Sponsor: Office of Naval Research).
  • May 2011 - December 2012, "Testing of Glass Fibers Before and After Breakage," (Sponsor: Owens Corning Sales, LLC).
  • May 2008 - December 2012, "Low Pressure Twin Fluid Nozzel Evaluation," (Sponsor: Victaulic Company of America).
  • May 2011 - December 2011, "Testing service on glass fibers before and after breakage by Penn State Gas Dynamics Lab," (Sponsor: Owens Corning Sales, LLC).
  • December 2009 - November 2011, "3M Gift to Penn State Gas Dynamics Laboratory," (Sponsor: 3M Company).
  • August 2008 - August 2011, "Basic Experimental Investigation of a Portal for Real-Time Human Aerodynamic Wake Sampling," (Sponsor: U.S. Department of Homeland Security).
  • March 2008 - January 2011, "Schlieren Based Seedless PIV for High Frequency Cavity Flow Control Applications In Large Scale Wind Tunnel Facilities SBIR Phase II," (Sponsor: Spectral Energies, LLC).
  • September 2006 - September 2010, "Structure and Function of the Canine Chemosensory System: Detection of Illicit Substances," (Sponsor: Auburn University).
  • February 2008 - March 2010, "Trace Detection Wand-Sampling and Detecting Explosives," (Sponsor: Excellims Corporation).
  • October 2008 - May 2010, "University Strategic Partnership Applied Sciences," (Sponsor: Defense Threat Reduction Agency).
  • October 2009 - December 2010, "Upgrade of Transonic Gasdynamics Facility (TGF) Schlieren System," (Sponsor: Jacobs Technology, Inc.).
  • November 2008 - January 2010, "RealNose," (Sponsor: Evolved Machines, Inc.).
  • May 2008 - December 2010, "Low Pressure Twin Fluid Nozzle Evaluation," (Sponsor: Victaulic Company of America).
  • July 2006 - February 2009, "Explosive Vapor Plume Dynamics," (Sponsor: Battelle Memorial Institute).
  • September 2003 - September 2009, "Fundamental Research in Support of the Next Generation Explosive Detection Portal," (Sponsor: U.S. Department of Transportation).
  • February 2008 - June 2009, "Trace Detection Wand-Sampling and Detecting Explosives," (Sponsor: Excellims Corporation).
  • September 2003 - September 2009, "Research on Large-Scale Shock Wave Cinematography for Aviation Security Purposes Was EN020435 and EN030341," (Sponsor: U.S. Department of Transportation).
  • August 2005 - May 2008, "Homeland Security Research & Development Contract Project TG609433 TDL 05-003," (Sponsor: Battelle).
  • September 2006 - September 2008, "Structure and Function of the Canine Chemosensory System: Detection of Illicit Substances," (Sponsor: Auburn University).
  • August 2005 - July 2008, "Navy Counter IED Basic Research," (Sponsor: U.S. Department of the Navy).
  • September 2006 - September 2008, "Basic Experimental Investigation of a Portal for Real-Time Human Aerodynamic Wake Sampling," (Sponsor: U.S. Department of Homeland Security).
  • August 2005 - May 2008, "Homeland Security Research & Development Contract Project TG609433 TDL 05-003," (Sponsor: Battelle Memorial Institute).
  • August 2005 - October 2007, "Homeland Security Research & Development Contract Project TG609433 TDL 05-003," (Sponsor: Battelle Memorial Institute).
  • August 2005 - October 2007, "Homeland Security R&D on Vapor Plume Dynamics, TDL 05-008," (Sponsor: Battelle Memorial Institute).
  • August 2005 - October 2007, "Homeland Security R&D on Vapor Plume Dynamics, TDL 05-008," (Sponsor: Battelle Memorial Institute).
  • August 2005 - February 2007, "Homeland Security Research & Development Contract Project TG609433 TDL 05-003," (Sponsor: Battelle Memorial Institute).
  • August 2006 - May 2007, "Flow Visualization and Materials Testing," (Sponsor: Air Products and Chemicals, Incorporated).
  • August 2005 - August 2007, "Rapid Low Vapor Pressure Chemical Detection Using a Hand-held Artificial Nose - Phase II," (Sponsor: CogniScent, Inc.).
  • August 2005 - January 2007, "Rapid Low Vapor Pressure Chemical Detection Using a Hand-held Artificial Nose - Phase II," (Sponsor: CogniScent, Inc.).
  • January 2005 - September 2007, "Low Pressure Twin Fluid Nozzel Evaluation," (Sponsor: Victaulic Company of America).
  • March 2007 - December 2007, "Schlieren Based Seedless PIV for High Frequency Cavity Flow Control Applications in Large Scale Wind Tunnel Facilities (SBIR Phase I)," (Sponsor: Spectral Energies, LLC).
  • September 2006 - September 2007, "Basic Experimental Investigation of a Portal for Real-Time Human Aerodynamic Wake Sampling," (Sponsor: U.S. Department of Homeland Security).
  • September 2006 - September 2007, "Proposal to Purchase Correlated Solutions Vic 3D Software," (Sponsor: U.S. Department of the Army).
  • September 2003 - September 2007, "Research on Large-Scale Shock Wave Cinematography for Aviation Security Purposes," (Sponsor: U.S. Department of Transportation).
  • August 2005 - October 2007, "Homeland Security Research & Development Contract Project TG609433 TDL 05-003," (Sponsor: Battelle).
  • February 2002 - January 2006, "Thermofluid Dynamics: CD-ROMs for Engineering Education," (Sponsor: National Science Foundation).
  • May 2005 - September 2006, "Cargo Scanner with the Transportation Security Laboratory/Quantum Magnetics," (Sponsor: General Electric Co.).
  • January 2005 - August 2006, "Low Pressure Twin Fluid Nozzel Evaluation," (Sponsor: Victaulic Company of America).
  • April 2005 - December 2005, "Nozzle Particle Acceleration for Shoulder-launched Weapons," (Sponsor: U.S. Department of the Navy).
  • April 2004 - May 2005, "Gas Dynamics Modeling and Experimental Validation DARPA SPO," (Sponsor: Northrop Grumman Corporation).
  • April 2005 - August 2005, "Gas Sampling From Air," (Sponsor: Northrop Grumman Corporation).
  • January 2005 - August 2005, "Low Pressure Twin Fluid Nozzel Evaluation," (Sponsor: Victaulic Company of America).
  • January 2005 - December 2005, "Related to NSF Grant entitled, Thermofluid Dynamics: CD-ROMs For Engineering Education"," (Sponsor: McGraw-Hill, Inc.).
  • September 2003 - September 2005, "Fundamental Research in Support of the Next Generation Explosive Detection Portal," (Sponsor: U.S. Department of Transportation).
  • April 2004 - December 2004, "Gas Dynamics Modeling and Experimental Validation DARPA SPO," (Sponsor: Northrop Grumman Corporation).
  • March 2004 - September 2004, "Rapid Low Vapor Pressure Chemical Detection Using a Hand-held Artificial Nose," (Sponsor: CogniScent, Inc.).

Honors and Awards

Service

Service to Penn State:

Service to External Organizations:

 


 

About

The Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering at Penn State is one of the nation’s largest and most successful engineering departments. We serve more than 1,000 undergraduate students and more than 330 graduate students

We offer B.S. degrees in mechanical engineering and nuclear engineering as well as resident (M.S., Ph.D.) and online (M.S., M.Eng.) graduate degrees in nuclear engineering and mechanical engineering. MNE's strength is in offering hands-on experience in highly relevant research areas, such as energy, homeland security, biomedical devices, and transportation systems.

Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering

137 Reber Building

The Pennsylvania State University

University Park, PA 16802-4400

Phone: 814-865-2519